About Jnanpith Award: Definition & Value it holds:
Jnanpith is the highest literary award in India. It is given for the best creative literary writing. Indian citizen can write in any of the languages including the VIII Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The Award is the brain-child of late Smt. Rama Jain, the first President of and the moving spirit behind the Bharatiya Jnanpith or Bharatiya Gyanpeeth since its inception. It has become the highest literary award of the country. This award worth a sum of Rs. 11 lakhs with citation plaque and a bronze replica of goddess Saraswati.
Jnanpith Award was instituted in the year 1961. The first Jnanpith awarded to G. Sankara Kurup in 1965 for his great contribution in malayalam literature. Recent jnanpith awarded to Gujarati writer Raghuveer Chowdhury in 2015. Jnanpith Award for 2016 has been announced today. Famous Bengali poet Shankha Ghosh selected to be awarded 2016 Jnanpith Award. Famous Hindi fiction writer and essayist Krishna Sobti received the most recent 2017 Jnanpith Award for her outstanding contribution to the Indian literature.
(Note: The Bharatiya Jnanpith organisation also presents Moortidevi Award for Indian philosophy and culture related works along with Jnanpith Award. The first Moortidevi Award given to C. K. Nagaraja Rao in 1983 for Kannada language.)
Rules & Selection process of Jnanpith Award “Gyanpith Award”:
The nominations for the award are received from various literary experts, teachers, critics, universities, and numerous literary and language associations. Every three years, an advisory committee is constituted for each of the languages. The language of the most recent recipient’s work is not eligible for consideration for the next two years. Each committee consists of three literary critics and scholars of their respective languages. All the nominations are scrutinised by the committee and their recommendations are submitted to the Jnanpith Award Selection Board (Pravara Parishad).
The Selection Board consists of between seven and eleven members of “high repute and integrity”. Each member is part of the committee for a term of three years which can also be extended further for two more terms. The recommendations of all language advisory committees are evaluated by the board based on complete or partial translations of the selected writings of the proposed writers into Hindi or English. The recipient for a particular year is announced by the Selection Board, which has final authority in selection. (source: wikipedia).
List of Jnanpith “Gyanpeeth” Award Winners – India’s Highest Literary Award
- 1965 : G. Sankara Kurup – Odakkuzhal [Flute] (Malayalam)
- 1966 : Tarashankar Bandopadhyaya – Ganadevta (Bengali)-Literature
- 1967 : Kuppali Venkatappagowda Puttappa (Kuvempu) – Sri Ramayana Darshanam (Kannada)-Literature
- 1967 : Umashankar Joshi – Nishitha (Gujarati)-Literature
- 1968 : Sumitranandan Pant – Chidambara (Hindi)-Literature
- 1969 : Firaq Gorakhpuri – Gul-e-Naghma (Urdu)
- 1970 : Viswanatha Satyanarayana – Ramayana Kalpavrikshamu [A resourceful tree:Ramayana] (Telugu)-Literature
- 1971 : Bishnu Dey Smriti – Satta Bhavishyat (Bengali)-Literature
- 1972 : Ramdhari Singh ‘Dinkar’ – Urvashi (Hindi)(Language/Literature)
- 1973 : Dattatreya Ramachandra Bendre – Nakutanti [Naku Thanthi (Four Strings)] (Kannada)(Language/Literature)
- 1973 : Gopinath Mohanty – Paraja (Oriya)(Language/Literature)
- 1974 : Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar – Yayati (Marathi)(Language/Literature)
- 1975 : P. V. Akilan – Chitttrappavai (Tamil)-(Language/Literature)
- 1976 : Ashapurna Devi – Pratham Pratisruti (Bengali)-(Language/Literature)
- 1977 : K. Shivaram Karanth – Mookajjiya Kanasugalu [Mookajjis dreams] (Kannada)-(Language/Literature)
- 1978 : Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan ‘Ajneya’ – Kitni Navon Men Kitni Bar [How many times in many boats?] (Hindi)-(Language/Literature)
- 1979 : Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya – Mrityunjay [Immortal] (Assamese)-(Language/Literature)
- 1980 : S. K. Pottekkatt – Oru Desathinte Katha [Story of a land] (Malayalam)-(Language/Literature)
- 1981 : Amrita Pritam – Kagaj te Canvas (Punjabi)-(Language/Literature)
- 1982 : Mahadevi Varma – Yama (Hindi)-(Language/Literature)
- 1983 : Maasti Venkatesh Ayengar – Chikkaveera Rajendra [Life and struggle of Kodava King Chikkaveera Rajendra] (Kannada)-(Language/Literature)
- 1984 : Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai – Kayar [Coir] (Malayalam)-(Language/Literature)
- 1985 : Pannalal Patel – Maanavi Ni Bhavaai (Gujarati)-(Language/Literature)
- 1986 : Sachidananda Rout Roy (Oriya)-(Language/Literature)
- 1987 : Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar (Kusumagraj) – Natsamrat (Marathi)-(Language/Literature)
- 1988 : Dr.C. Narayana Reddy – Vishwambhara (Telugu)-(Language/Literature)
- 1989 : Qurratulain Hyder – Akhire Shab Ke Humsafar (Urdu)-(Language/Literature)
- 1990 : V. K. Gokak (Vinayaka Krishna Gokak) – Bharatha Sindhu Rashmi (Kannada)-(Language/Literature)
- 1991 : Subhas Mukhopadhyay – Padati (Bengali)-(Language/Literature)
- 1992 : Naresh Mehta (Hindi)-(Language/Literature)
- 1993 : Sitakant Mahapatra – “for outstanding contribution to the enrichment of Indian literature, 1973-92” (Oriya)
- 1994 : U. R. Ananthamurthy – for his contributions to (Kannada) literature (Kannada)
- 1995 : M. T. Vasudevan Nair – Randamoozham [Second Chance] (Malayalam)
- 1996 : Mahasweta Devi – Hajar Churashir Ma (Bengali)- For contributions in bengali literature (Language/Literature)
- 1997 : Ali Sardar Jafri (Urdu)
- 1998 : Girish Karnad – “for his contributions to (Kannada) literature and for contributions to (Kannada) theater (yayati)” (Kannada)
- 1999 : Nirmal Verma (Hindi)
- 1999 : Gurdial Singh (Punjabi)-(Language/Literature)
- 2000 : Indira Goswami (Assamese)
- 2001 : Rajendra Keshavlal Shah (Gujarati)
- 2002 : D. Jayakanthan (Tamil)
- 2003 : Vinda Karandikar – Ashtadarshana (poetry) (Marathi)
- 2004 : Rahman Rahi – Subhuk Soda, Kalami Rahi and Siyah Rode Jaren Manz (Kashmiri)-(Language/Literature)
- 2005 : Kunwar Narayan (Hindi)
- 2006 : Ravindra Kelekar (Konkani)-(Language/Literature)
- 2006 : Satya Vrat Shastri (Sanskrit)-(Language/Literature)
- 2007 : O. N. V. Kurup (Malayalam)
- 2008 : Akhlaq Mohammed Khan ‘Shahryar’ (Urdu)-(Language/Literature)
- 2009 : Amar Kant (Hindi)-(Language/Literature)
- 2009 : Shrilal Shukla (Hindi)-(Language/Literature)
- 2010 : Chandrashekhara Kambara –for his contributions to Kannada literature (Kannada) (Language/Literature)
- 2011 : Pratibha RayYajnaseni (Oriya)
- 2012 : Ravuri Bharadhwaja –For his notable contribution to Telugu literature (Telugu)
- 2013 : Kedarnath Singh – For his notable contribution to Hindi literature. ‘Abhi bilkul abhi’ and ‘Yahan se dekho’ are among his prominent works (Hindi)
- 2014 : Bhalchandra Vanaji Nemade (Marathi)-(Language/Literature)
- 2015 : Raghuveer Chaudhary (Gujrati)-(Language/Literature)
- 2016 : Shankha Ghosh(Bengali) – Shankha Ghosh is a Bengali poet who was born in 1932. He was also awarded Sahitya Akademi Award in 1977 for Babarer Praarthanaa and was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2011.
- 2017 : Krishna Sobti(Hindi) – Krishna Sobti won Sahitya Akademi Award for her novel Zindaginama in 1980. Her notable works are Mitro Marajani, Daar Se Bichchuri etc. (source:jobprostuti)
Hindi Write Krishna Sobti Chosen for Jnanpith Award in 2017
About Krishna Sobti:
Her choice of subjects ranged from the Partition, and relationships between man and woman, to the changing dynamics of the Indian society and the gradual deterioration of human values.
Renowned Hindi littérateur Krishna Sobti has been chosen for this year’s Jnanpith Award, the Jnanpith Selection Board announced on Friday.
Born in 1925 iin Gujrat in Pakistan’s Punjab Province, Sobti (92) is known for experimenting with new writing styles and creating “bold” and “daring” characters in her stories who were ready to accept all challenges. Her language was highly influenced by the intermingling of Hindi, Urdu and Punjabi cultures.
“Sobti is a path-breaking novelist. She has immensely enriched Hindi literature,” the statement by the board, chaired by noted scholar, writer and critic Namwar Singh, said.
Others on the decision-making body included Girishwar Misra, Shamim Hanfi, Harish Trivedi, Suranjan Das, Ramakant Rath, Chandrakant Patil, Alok Rai, C Radhakrishnan, Madhishudhan Anand and Leeladhar Mandloi.
The writer’s choice of subjects ranged from the Partition, and relationships between man and woman, to the changing dynamics of the Indian society and the gradual deterioration of human values.
Works translated in foreign languages too
Some of her celebrated works include Daar Se Bichhudi, Mitro Marjani, Zindaginama, Dil-o-Danish, Badalom ke Ghere, Ai Ladki and Gujarat Pakistan Se Gujarat Hindustan. Several of her works have been translated into other Indian languages and also in Swedish, Russian and English.
She has been the recipient of many coveted awards in the past, including Hindi Akademi Awards, Shiroman Awards, Maithli Sharan Gupt Samman, Sahitya Akademi Fellowship and Padma Bhushan. (source: PTI)